Evidence linking omega-3 fatty acid deficiencies to mood disorders was demonstrated in two recent studies, with diminished EPA and DHA levels being suggested as modifiable risk factors or prodromal biomarkers for depressive illness in adolescents.[1,2]
Honey has been used since ancient times as an antimicrobial for wound healing, but was largely dismissed by mainstream medicine with the discovery of antibiotics, until the current and growing crisis of antibiotic resistance has become a global issue.
Evidence seems to suggest that pyridoxine and pyridoxal are prodrugs for Pyrodoxal-5-Phosphate (P5P), and that it is the P5P which has the intended therapeutic antiemetic effect.
In the first study of its kind, researchers have evaluated the effects of vitamin B12 combined with dietary protein on methionine metabolism, placental gene expression and DNA methylation in pregnant women with low vitamin B12 status.
A recent study has found that Vitamin B3 (niacin) could play a prophylactic role in the prevention of congenital malformations.