GIT microbiota and mitochondrial crosstalk appears to occur primarily via complex endocrine, humoural and immune pathway signalling.
Until recently, most studies conducted on the benefits of exercise have focused on benefits of endurance and aerobic exercise, lacking data on strength-based exercise.
The Mediterranean diet emphasises eating primarily a plant-based diet, with high consumption of fruit, vegetables, legumes, cereals, olive oil (as the primary source of fat), moderate consumption of fish, low to moderate intake of dairy and wine, and a low intake of red meat and poultry.
Evidence linking omega-3 fatty acid deficiencies to mood disorders was demonstrated in two recent studies, with diminished EPA and DHA levels being suggested as modifiable risk factors or prodromal biomarkers for depressive illness in adolescents.[1,2]