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The consumption of electrolytes before, during and after exercise is recommended to athletes for a number of reasons, particularly for the purpose of immediate recovery when engaging in back-to-back or extended activities, when water alone will not suffice.
A recent randomised, double blind, clinical trial conducted by Majib et al (2017) determined the beneficial effect of vitamin D supplementation on sleep score and quality in 20-50 year-old people with known sleep disorders according to the Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index (PSQI).
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is the most common form of diabetes and one of the most common chronic diseases worldwide. Natural dietary compounds such as flavonoids, which are abundant in fruits and vegetables, have recently been receiving a lot of attention due to their potential capacity to act as anti-diabetic agents. Predominant amongst these flavonoids are cocoa flavonoids, which have demonstrated numerous abilities to ameliorate important markers of T2DM.
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is characterised by excess lipids in hepatocytes due to an overload of fatty acid influx from adipose tissue, as well as the consumption of too many dietary fats and carbohydrates.
Hyperhomocysteinaemia may arise from genetic defects of several enzymes involved in homocysteine metabolism including MTHFR, MTR and CBS.
Histamine is a chemical compound that is involved in the immune system response. Histamine is often associated with allergies and their associated symptoms such as sneezing, headaches, nasal congestion and breathing difficulties.
Numerous genes are involved in the production, function and metabolism of oestrogen within the body. Understanding the influence of these genes is useful in the exploration of oestrogen-related conditions.
Several measures of poor sleep quality were associated with higher body mass index (BMI) in children, according to data presented at the American Association for Cancer Research Special Conference Obesity and Cancer: Mechanisms Underlying Etiology and Outcomes.