Could polyphenols and their influence on microbiota be an effective strategy for the prevention of neurodegeneration? Polyphenols are naturally occurring compounds in many berries, fruits and vegetables, as well as cereals, tea, coffee, cocoa, and wine. Polyphenols suppress neuroinflammation and protect neurons against oxidative stress and inflammatory injury, thus promoting memory, learning, and cognitive functions.
Something so simple, taking a relaxing bath, can now be considered an evidence-based lifestyle prescription. A recent randomised, controlled, cross-over study from Japan has found that the benefits of a hot bath for just 10 minutes a day improves both physical and emotional aspects of quality of life.
A recent randomised, double blind, clinical trial conducted by Majib et al (2017) determined the beneficial effect of vitamin D supplementation on sleep score and quality in 20-50 year-old people with known sleep disorders according to the Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index (PSQI).
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is the most common form of diabetes and one of the most common chronic diseases worldwide. Natural dietary compounds such as flavonoids, which are abundant in fruits and vegetables, have recently been receiving a lot of attention due to their potential capacity to act as anti-diabetic agents. Predominant amongst these flavonoids are cocoa flavonoids, which have demonstrated numerous abilities to ameliorate important markers of T2DM.
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is characterised by excess lipids in hepatocytes due to an overload of fatty acid influx from adipose tissue, as well as the consumption of too many dietary fats and carbohydrates.
Dietary modification is an important preventative strategy used to reduce the incidence of dyslipidaemia; a major risk factor for coronary heart disease (CHD) and when managed properly, has also been shown to reduce the incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD)
Hyperhomocysteinaemia may arise from genetic defects of several enzymes involved in homocysteine metabolism including MTHFR, MTR and CBS.