A recent randomised, double blind, clinical trial conducted by Majib et al (2017) determined the beneficial effect of vitamin D supplementation on sleep score and quality in 20-50 year-old people with known sleep disorders according to the Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index (PSQI).
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is the most common form of diabetes and one of the most common chronic diseases worldwide. Natural dietary compounds such as flavonoids, which are abundant in fruits and vegetables, have recently been receiving a lot of attention due to their potential capacity to act as anti-diabetic agents. Predominant amongst these flavonoids are cocoa flavonoids, which have demonstrated numerous abilities to ameliorate important markers of T2DM.
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is characterised by excess lipids in hepatocytes due to an overload of fatty acid influx from adipose tissue, as well as the consumption of too many dietary fats and carbohydrates.
Dietary modification is an important preventative strategy used to reduce the incidence of dyslipidaemia; a major risk factor for coronary heart disease (CHD) and when managed properly, has also been shown to reduce the incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD)
Hyperhomocysteinaemia may arise from genetic defects of several enzymes involved in homocysteine metabolism including MTHFR, MTR and CBS.
Lycopene is a carotenoid found in those foods that have a pink-to-red hue to them, such as tomatoes, pink grapefruit, watermelon, papaya and guava. The most common dietary source in the western diet is tomato paste.