Anxiety disorders appear to be caused by an interaction of biopsychosocial factors, including genetic vulnerability, which interact with situations, stress or trauma to produce clinically significant syndromes. Symptoms vary depending on the specific anxiety disorder.
Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) is an essential nutrient, considered to be the most important water-soluble antioxidant due to its crucial role in many metabolic functions.
Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a prevalent disorder, affecting 15-20% of reproductive-aged women.[1,2] Its clinical presentation is a heterogeneous mix of physical, hormonal, metabolic and psychological signs and symptoms that can vary significantly both between, and within, individuals over a lifetime.
Numerous genes are involved in the production, function and metabolism of oestrogen within the body. Understanding the influence of these genes is useful in the exploration of oestrogen-related conditions.
Over recent years, evidence suggests there is a subset of ASD individuals with concomitant mitochondrial dysfunction, which may contribute to ASD onset, progression or severity.