A recent randomised, double blind, clinical trial conducted by Majib et al (2017) determined the beneficial effect of vitamin D supplementation on sleep score and quality in 20-50 year-old people with known sleep disorders according to the Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index (PSQI).
Mind-body medicine (MBM) encompasses a variety of therapies that consider the synergy between the mind, body, emotions and behaviour as well as the way in which these, combined with social and spiritual factors, can have a direct impact on an individual’s health and wellbeing.
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is the most common form of diabetes and one of the most common chronic diseases worldwide. Natural dietary compounds such as flavonoids, which are abundant in fruits and vegetables, have recently been receiving a lot of attention due to their potential capacity to act as anti-diabetic agents. Predominant amongst these flavonoids are cocoa flavonoids, which have demonstrated numerous abilities to ameliorate important markers of T2DM.
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is characterised by excess lipids in hepatocytes due to an overload of fatty acid influx from adipose tissue, as well as the consumption of too many dietary fats and carbohydrates.
Childhood obesity is a serious health issue and an early risk factor for obesity in adulthood, leading to morbidity and mortality. The odds ratio of obese toddlers is 1.3 for becoming obese adults, but increases to 17.5 in adolescents. Those who remain obese in adulthood are prone to a cluster of diseases and disorders called metabolic syndrome (MetSy). Worldwide, this syndrome is present in 20-25% of the population, while in Australia it is estimated to affect 1 in 3 adults.
Dietary modification is an important preventative strategy used to reduce the incidence of dyslipidaemia; a major risk factor for coronary heart disease (CHD) and when managed properly, has also been shown to reduce the incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD)
Magnesium is famed for its widespread health benefits, with one particular form, magnesium orotate, thoroughly researched as an unequivocal therapeutic for cardiovascular health. Magnesium orotate’s application in this area may reduce the risk of various conditions ranging from mitral valve prolapse (MVP) to tachycardia and hypertension, according to a recent meta-analysis.
Hyperhomocysteinaemia may arise from genetic defects of several enzymes involved in homocysteine metabolism including MTHFR, MTR and CBS.